Climate change, shortage of resources and loss of biodiversity – To tackle the big environmental challenges of our time, it is essential to make products more sustainable. In doing so, it’s important not only to look at the manufacturing stage, but the entire life cycle. Starting with the extraction of raw materials from the environment and ending with the recycling or disposal of the product.
A widely recognized and proven method to identify the environmental footprint of a product is Life Cycle Assessment. But so far, most of the environmental investigations are made of final products. Although up to 80% of the environmental burdens and costs are based on decisions made in the early concept phase. Hence there is a need to integrate these criteria seamlessly in the design process of products.